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CASE REPORT
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 129-137

Management of iatrogenic root perforation with grade II furcation involvement through guided tissue regeneration technique: A case with comprehensive review of clinical literature


Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad Dental College and Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sajid Ali
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad Dental College and Hospital, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh - 202 002, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sej.sej_130_21

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The aim of this case report was to describe a successful repair of a long-standing furcal and coronal root perforation with grade II furcation involvement in the mesiolingual canal of a lower first molar. A 41-year-old male patient reported with the chief complaint of mild intermittent pain and pus discharge from mandibular left first molar for 1 year. Upon clinical and radiographic examination, a pulpal diagnosis of previously initiated therapy with root perforation was made. In addition, the tooth had a periapical diagnosis of chronic apical abscess, as well as a primary endodontic and secondary periodontal lesion with grade II furcation involvement. Root canal treatment and surgical repair of the perforation and furcation involvement with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and bone graft was done. Recall examination after 2 years showed no evidence of periodontal breakdown. The patient was asymptomatic, and favorable bone regeneration and periodontal healing were seen on the radiograph. A literature review was also conducted to assess the factors affecting the prognosis of perforation repair in molars. Long-standing cervical root and furcal perforations readily lead to persistent endo-perio lesions and have been found to have the worst prognosis. A biocompatible sealing of the perforation site along with periodontal regeneration effectively enhances the longevity of such teeth. Though there are very few case reports that advocated the use of guided tissue regeneration for periodontal regeneration, nevertheless it has proven to be a reliable technique to improve the prognosis for crestal level and furcal root perforations.


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